## Calculating Excel spreadsheet column names

I’ve been working with Open XML spreadsheets for the past, I don’t know how long… A year? I just realised that getting that Excel column header name is a frequent task. You know, given that it’s the 4th column, it’s “D”. I don’t work frequently with spreadsheets with lots of columns. So it was interesting that the 26th column is “Z” and the 27th column becomes “AA”. Basically, base-26 arithmetic, using the 26 letters of the English alphabet as tokens.

There are probably lots of code snippets out there showing you how to calculate a column name given the column index. Here’s mine:

```string[] saExcelColumnHeaderNames = new string[16384];
string[] sa = new string[] { "A", "B", "C", "D", "E", "F", "G", "H", "I", "J", "K", "L", "M", "N", "O", "P", "Q", "R", "S", "T", "U", "V", "W", "X", "Y", "Z" };
string s = string.Empty;
int i, j, k, l;
i = j = k = -1;
for (l = 0; l < 16384; ++l)
{
s = string.Empty;
++k;
if (k == 26)
{
k = 0;
++j;
if (j == 26)
{
j = 0;
++i;
}
}
if (i >= 0) s += sa[i];
if (j >= 0) s += sa[j];
if (k >= 0) s += sa[k];
}
```

That gives you a zero-based indexing version. So to get the 30th column name, you use saExcelColumnHeaderNames[29].

In case you’re wondering, 16384 is the maximum number of columns supported by Excel 2010.

You will notice that it’s not a function given the column index. I find that not as useful. Look, typically when you need the column name, you probably also need to get it frequently, usually with different parameters.

What I did was to store all the calculation results into a string array. Then you reference it with an index. The calculation function typically is a O(n) operation. With you needing to use the function multiple times, your whole algorithm probably goes up to O(n^2).

My method is also an O(n) operation. But referencing a string array is I think an O(1), meaning it’s a constant. I’ve never been good with big O notation…

This style of solving the problem is called pre-calculation. Pre-calculation is especially useful in the games development region, where speed is important. For example, selected values of sine and cosine were pre-calculated and stored in arrays, for use in the numerous 3D/2D calculations in games. Calculating sine’s and cosine’s in real-time were detrimental to a speedy game.

That’s not as useful now because you need a fuller range of floating point values as input. But the concept is still useful.

I think I read somewhere (while I was doing hobbyist game development) this quote:

Pre-calculate everything!

Maybe computers are now much faster. I don’t care. That doesn’t give you an excuse to be sloppy. It’s an optimisation that doesn’t take much effort.

If you need to calculate it, see if you can calculate it just once.